Toyota Manufacturing Locations: A Comprehensive Guide

Toyota is one of the most popular car brands in the world, known for its quality, reliability, and innovation. If you’re in the market for a Toyota, you may be wondering where these cars are made. With production plants scattered around the globe, it can be difficult to keep track of where your vehicle was manufactured. Furthermore, understanding Toyota’s global production strategy is essential for understanding the company’s impact on employment, economic growth, and environmental policies. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll take a deep dive into the topic of “Where is Toyota Made?” We’ll explore the history of Toyota’s manufacturing practices, examine the various locations where Toyota vehicles are produced, and discuss the factors that affect Toyota’s production decisions. By the end of this article, you’ll have a better understanding of how Toyota produces its cars and the impact of its global production strategy.



Toyota is one of the most well-known car manufacturers in the world with a strong reputation for quality and reliability. As a leader in the automotive industry, Toyota has established itself as a global brand with an extensive history of car manufacturing spanning over 80 years.

The company was founded in 1937 by Kiichiro Toyoda, who had a vision to create high-quality cars that would be affordable to everyone. Since then, Toyota has grown to become one of the largest car manufacturers in the world, producing a wide range of vehicles from compact cars to luxury sedans, SUVs, and trucks.

One of the reasons for Toyota’s success is its global production strategy. With production facilities around the world, Toyota has been able to meet the demands of customers from different regions while ensuring the highest levels of quality and efficiency. This has allowed Toyota to maintain its position as a leading car manufacturer in terms of sales, innovation, and customer satisfaction.

Over the years, Toyota has continued to innovate and improve its products, making significant contributions to the automotive industry. From the introduction of the first hybrid vehicle, the Prius, to the development of autonomous driving technology, Toyota has been at the forefront of automotive innovation.

Overall, Toyota’s success can be attributed to its commitment to quality, efficiency, and innovation. The company’s history of car manufacturing and its global production strategy have played crucial roles in its growth and success, and continue to drive its future growth and competitiveness.

Toyota Manufacturing Plants Around the World



Japan is the birthplace of Toyota, and the country is home to several of its manufacturing plants. Toyota City, located in Aichi Prefecture, is where the company’s headquarters are based. This city also houses the Tsutsumi plant, which produces the popular Prius hybrid model.

Another important manufacturing plant is located in Motomachi, near the port city of Kobe. This plant is responsible for producing luxury models such as the Lexus LS sedan. The Tahara plant, located in Aichi Prefecture, mainly produces large vehicles such as the Land Cruiser SUV and the Hiace van.

Toyota also has a manufacturing plant in Miyagi Prefecture, which was heavily affected by the earthquake and tsunami disaster in 2011. The company suspended production at the plant for several months to repair the damage but resumed operations later that year.

The Kyushu plant, located on the southern island of Kyushu, is one of Toyota’s most advanced facilities. This plant produces various models such as the Corolla, Camry, and RAV4, using the latest production techniques and technology.

Toyota’s commitment to quality and innovation is evident in its Japanese manufacturing plants. The company’s production processes emphasize efficiency, safety, and environmental sustainability. As a result, Toyota has become a world leader in car manufacturing, with a reputation for quality and reliability that is unrivaled in the industry.


Toyota Manufacturing Plants in the USA

Toyota has a significant presence in the United States, with over 10 manufacturing plants located across the country. Here is a breakdown of the locations:


Kentucky is home to Toyota’s largest manufacturing plant outside of Japan, located in Georgetown. This facility produces the popular Toyota Camry, as well as the Avalon and Lexus ES models. The Georgetown plant employs over 8,000 people and has an annual production capacity of 550,000 vehicles.


Toyota’s Princeton, Indiana plant produces the Sienna minivan, Highlander SUV, and Sequoia full-size SUV. The plant also manufactures the hybrid powertrain for the Highlander Hybrid and Sienna Hybrid models. Toyota Indiana has been recognized for its environmental efforts, including being the first automotive plant in North America to receive ISO 14001 certification.


The Toyota Texas plant in San Antonio produces the Tundra full-size pickup truck and the Tacoma midsize pickup truck. The facility is one of Toyota’s newest in the United States and was designed with sustainability in mind, featuring solar panels on the roof and a rainwater harvesting system.

West Virginia

The Buffalo, West Virginia plant produces engines and transmissions for Toyota vehicles. The facility was designed with flexibility in mind, allowing it to produce a wide range of products to meet changing consumer demands.


Toyota’s Huntsville, Alabama plant produces engines for several Toyota models, including the Camry, RAV4, and Highlander. The facility is also responsible for producing engines for other automakers, such as Mazda, who partnered with Toyota to build a new assembly plant in Huntsville.

Overall, Toyota’s manufacturing presence in the United States has had a significant impact on job creation and economic growth in the regions where the facilities are located. With a commitment to efficiency, sustainability, and innovation, Toyota has solidified its position as a leading automaker not just in the US but around the world.



Toyota has been manufacturing cars in Canada for over 30 years, with two main plants located in Cambridge and Woodstock.

The Cambridge plant, which was established in 1988, is Toyota’s largest manufacturing facility in North America. With a production area of over 9 million square feet, the plant produces the Toyota RAV4, RAV4 Hybrid, and Lexus RX 350. The plant employs around 8,000 team members and has an annual production capacity of approximately 500,000 units.

In addition to the Cambridge location, Toyota also operates a second plant in Canada, located in Woodstock, Ontario. The Woodstock plant, which opened in 2008, specializes in producing the Toyota RAV4 and RAV4 Hybrid. At the time of its opening, it was the greenest auto plant in North America and is still a leader in sustainable manufacturing practices today. The plant employs approximately 2,500 people and has an annual production capacity of around 200,000 units.

Both the Cambridge and Woodstock plants are important contributors to the Canadian economy, providing thousands of jobs and generating significant economic activity. In fact, according to a study by PwC, Toyota’s operations in Canada contributed over $7 billion to the Canadian economy in 2019 alone.

Overall, Toyota’s manufacturing presence in Canada underscores its commitment to investing in local communities and supporting the economies where it operates. With its advanced technology, commitment to sustainability, and skilled workforce, Toyota’s operations in Cambridge and Woodstock serve as a model for responsible and innovative car manufacturing.



Toyota has two manufacturing plants in the UK: Burnaston and Deeside. The Burnaston plant, located in Derbyshire, produces the Auris, Avensis, and Corolla models. It began production in 1992 and is one of Toyota’s most efficient factories in Europe. In recent years, the Burnaston plant has undergone a significant transformation to introduce Toyota New Global Architecture (TNGA) technology. This upgrade allows for greater flexibility and efficiency in production processes. In 2019, the Burnaston plant produced more than 129,000 units.

The Deeside plant, located in North Wales, produces engines for Toyota vehicles. This facility began operation in 1992 and currently produces approximately 200,000 engines per year. The engines produced at Deeside include those used in the Avensis, Auris, RAV4, and Prius models. The plant is also responsible for producing hybrid engines for Toyota models throughout Europe.

Both plants have contributed significantly to the growth of Toyota’s presence in the UK. Since the establishment of the Burnaston plant, Toyota has invested over £2.75 billion in its UK operations and created over 20,000 jobs. Additionally, Toyota’s investment in Deeside has helped boost the local economy by providing job opportunities and driving innovation in the automotive industry.

In conclusion, Toyota’s manufacturing presence in the UK has been instrumental in the company’s global production strategy. With its innovative technology and commitment to efficiency, the Burnaston and Deeside plants are crucial components of Toyota’s continued success.



Valenciennes, located in the north of France, is the only Toyota manufacturing plant in the country. The factory was established in 1998 as a joint venture between Toyota and PSA Peugeot Citroën, although Toyota bought out PSA’s stake in the company in 2002 to take full ownership.

The Valenciennes factory produces the Yaris hatchback for the European market, with a production capacity of around 270,000 units per year. In addition, the factory also produces engines for other Toyota models. The plant has been praised for its efficiency, with highly automated processes and a focus on reducing waste and energy consumption.

Toyota has invested heavily in the Valenciennes plant over the years, including a recent €300 million investment to modernize the factory and introduce new technology. This has led to an increase in employment opportunities in the region, with around 4,500 workers currently employed at the plant.

Despite the success of the Valenciennes factory, Toyota has faced some challenges in France in recent years. The French government has implemented policies to encourage the purchase of electric and hybrid vehicles, which has put pressure on traditional automakers like Toyota. However, Toyota has responded by introducing more hybrid models to its lineup, such as the C-HR and Corolla hybrid.

Overall, the Valenciennes plant is an important part of Toyota’s global production strategy, providing high-quality vehicles for the European market and supporting economic growth in northern France.


Toyota Manufacturing in Australia

Toyota has been manufacturing cars in Australia since 1963 and has played a vital role in the country’s automotive industry. The Altona plant, located in Melbourne, Victoria, has been the hub of Toyota manufacturing in Australia since its establishment in 1994.

The Altona plant produces a range of Toyota vehicles, including the Camry, Camry Hybrid, and Aurion. The facility is equipped with the latest technology to ensure that each car produced meets high quality standards. In fact, the Altona plant has won several awards for its commitment to quality, safety, and environmental sustainability.

Apart from producing world-class cars, the Altona plant also contributes significantly to the Australian economy. Toyota employs over 2500 people at the Altona facility, making it one of the largest employers in the region. Furthermore, the company’s investment in local suppliers and logistics companies has created additional jobs and boosted economic growth across the country.

However, despite its success, Toyota had announced the closure of its Altona plant in October 2017, citing global market changes and cost competitiveness as reasons. The final Toyota Camry rolled off the production line on October 3, 2017, marking the end of an era in Australian automotive history.

In conclusion, Toyota’s manufacturing presence in Australia through the Altona plant has been significant for over two decades. The state-of-the-art facility helped create thousands of jobs while producing high-quality vehicles that have been enjoyed by millions of Australians. Although the plant is no longer active, its impact on the country’s automotive industry cannot be underestimated.



Asia plays a major role in Toyota’s global production strategy. In addition to Japan, Toyota has manufacturing plants in several Asian countries including China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. Let’s take a closer look at each of these locations.


China is the world’s largest automobile market and is therefore an important market for Toyota. The company has partnerships with local Chinese automakers such as FAW Group and Guangzhou Automobile Group. In addition, Toyota has its own manufacturing plants in China which produce various models including the Corolla, Camry, and RAV4.


In India, Toyota has two manufacturing plants – one in Bidadi, Karnataka, and the other in Jigani Industrial Area, Bangalore. These plants have a combined annual production capacity of 310,000 units. Toyota produces various models in India including the Innova Crysta, Fortuner, and Yaris.


Toyota has been present in Indonesia since the 1970s and currently produces several models in the country including the Avanza, Rush, and Kijang Innova. In addition to manufacturing, Toyota also conducts research and development activities in Indonesia.


In Malaysia, Toyota has a manufacturing plant in Shah Alam which produces various models including the Vios and Hilux. The company also operates a subsidiary in Malaysia known as UMW Toyota Motor which distributes Toyota vehicles in the country.


Toyota has been operating in the Philippines for over 30 years and currently has a manufacturing plant in Sta. Rosa, Laguna. This plant produces various models including the Vios and Innova.


Thailand is another important market for Toyota in Asia. The company has three manufacturing plants in the country which produce various models including the Hilux, Fortuner, and Corolla. In addition to manufacturing, Toyota also conducts research and development activities in Thailand.


In Vietnam, Toyota has a manufacturing plant located in Vinh Phuc Province. This plant produces various models including the Vios and Fortuner. In addition to manufacturing, Toyota also operates a technical training center in Vietnam.

In conclusion, Toyota’s presence in Asia is significant, with manufacturing plants in several countries catering to the local demand for its vehicles. These plants not only provide employment opportunities but also help to boost the local economy.


Europe is an important region for Toyota’s global production strategy, with several manufacturing plants located across Poland, Czech Republic, and Turkey. Let’s take a closer look at each of these countries and their contribution to Toyota’s operations in Europe.

Poland is one of the largest car-producing countries in the European Union, making it an attractive location for Toyota. The company has two manufacturing plants in Poland – one in Walbrzych and another in Jelcz-Laskowice. These plants produce engines, gearboxes, and other components for Toyota vehicles. In 2020, the Walbrzych plant celebrated its 20th anniversary, marking two decades of high-quality production and innovation.

Moving on to the Czech Republic, Toyota operates a manufacturing plant in Kolin which produces the popular Toyota Aygo model. The plant was established as a joint venture between Toyota and PSA Peugeot Citroen in 2002, and has since become a successful example of cross-border collaboration in the automotive industry. The plant’s annual production capacity is around 300,000 units, and it exports cars to over 50 countries worldwide.

Turkey is another key player in Toyota’s European operations, with a manufacturing plant based in Adapazari. This plant produces the Corolla model, which is one of the best-selling cars in the world. The Adapazari plant has been in operation since 1994 and has consistently delivered high-quality vehicles that meet the growing demand for Toyota cars in Turkey and beyond.

In summary, Toyota’s presence in Europe is bolstered by its manufacturing facilities in Poland, Czech Republic, and Turkey. These countries offer strategic locations, skilled workforces, and favorable business environments that enable Toyota to continue producing high-quality vehicles for consumers around the world.

Factors Affecting Toyota’s Production Decisions

Factors Affecting Toyota’s Production Decisions

Toyota is one of the largest automakers in the world, producing over 10 million vehicles annually. The company has plants in numerous countries across the globe, and its production decisions are influenced by a variety of factors.


The cost of producing a vehicle can vary greatly depending on the location of the manufacturing plant. Labor costs, raw material expenses, and energy prices can all impact the profitability of a particular plant. As a result, Toyota carefully evaluates the costs associated with each potential manufacturing site before making a final decision.

For example, Toyota recently announced plans to shift some production from Japan to Mexico in an effort to reduce costs. Mexican wages are generally lower than those in Japan, which can lead to significant savings for the company.


Logistics is another key factor that influences Toyota’s production decisions. The company must consider how easy it will be to transport parts and finished vehicles to and from each manufacturing site. This includes evaluating the availability and cost of shipping, as well as the proximity to suppliers and customers.

To address these concerns, Toyota has strategically located many of its plants near major transportation hubs. For instance, the company’s manufacturing facility in San Antonio, Texas is located near several major highways and rail lines, making it easier to transport vehicles throughout North America.

Tax Incentives

Governments around the world offer tax incentives to attract manufacturers to their countries. These incentives can include tax breaks, grants, or other financial assistance. Toyota carefully evaluates these incentives when considering where to build new plants or expand existing ones.

For example, in 2017 Toyota announced that it would invest $600 million in its Princeton, Indiana plant, which produces the Highlander SUV. The investment was partly due to tax incentives offered by the state of Indiana, which helped make the expansion economically viable.

Government Regulations

Finally, government regulations can also play a role in Toyota’s production decisions. Regulations related to labor, environmental protections, and safety standards can impact the cost and feasibility of manufacturing in a particular location.

For instance, in the European Union, automakers are required to meet strict emissions targets. To comply with these regulations, Toyota has invested heavily in hybrid and electric vehicle technology. Similarly, in the United States, automakers must adhere to safety standards set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

In conclusion, when deciding where to build new plants or expand existing ones, Toyota carefully evaluates numerous factors including costs, logistics, tax incentives, and government regulations. By taking a comprehensive approach to these issues, the company is able to make informed decisions that help maximize profitability while minimizing risk.

The Impact of Toyota’s Global Production Strategy

Toyota is a global car manufacturer, and its production strategy has had significant impacts on various aspects of society. In this section, we will explore the impact of Toyota’s global production strategy on employment, economic growth, and environmental policies.


Toyota’s global production strategy has created numerous job opportunities worldwide. The company employs over 360,000 people in its manufacturing facilities, and many more jobs are created indirectly through its supply chain. For example, Toyota’s decision to build a new factory in Mexico created over 2,000 jobs in the region, helping to support local communities.

Economic Growth

Toyota’s global production strategy has also contributed to economic growth in various countries. The construction of new factories creates jobs and stimulates local economies. Additionally, Toyota invests heavily in research and development, which helps to drive innovation and improve efficiency in the automotive industry. For example, Toyota’s hybrid technology has revolutionized the automotive industry, leading to greater fuel efficiency and lower emissions.

Environmental Impact

Toyota recognizes the importance of reducing its environmental impact, and its global production strategy reflects this commitment. The company has invested heavily in renewable energy sources, including solar power and wind turbines, to reduce its carbon footprint. Additionally, Toyota has implemented a range of eco-friendly initiatives, such as recycling programs and water conservation efforts, to reduce waste and promote sustainability.

Overall, Toyota’s global production strategy has had far-reaching impacts on society. It has created jobs, stimulated economic growth, and promoted environmental sustainability. As Toyota continues to expand its global reach, it is likely to continue playing a significant role in shaping the future of the automotive industry and beyond.
As we’ve seen, Toyota is a global car manufacturer with production facilities all around the world. From Japan to the USA, Canada to Australia, and several countries in Asia and Europe, Toyota’s manufacturing plants are strategically located to reduce costs, improve logistics, and take advantage of tax incentives and government regulations. However, regardless of location, Toyota’s commitment to quality, sustainability, and innovation remains constant.

Toyota’s global production strategy has not only led to increased employment and economic growth but has also helped shape environmental policies worldwide. As the demand for electric and hybrid cars continues to rise, Toyota’s investments in research and development will undoubtedly play a significant role in shaping the future of the automotive industry.

Overall, understanding where Toyota is made is not just about satisfying our curiosity; it’s about appreciating the complexity and interconnectedness of the global economy. By supporting companies like Toyota that prioritize sustainability and community welfare, we can create a more equitable and prosperous future for us all.

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