Understanding Third Person in Writing

Definition of Third Person Perspective

Third person perspective is a literary technique used in writing where the narrator refers to characters in the story using third-person pronouns such as “he,” “she,” or “they,” instead of first-person pronouns like “I” or second-person pronouns like “you.” This narrative style provides an objective point of view that allows the reader to view the story from a distance, without being limited by the thoughts or feelings of any specific character. In other words, the narrator is not a character in the story, but rather an observer or commentator. The third person perspective can be used in a variety of genres, including fiction, non-fiction, and academic writing.

Examples of Third Person Narration

One classic example of third person narration is Jane Austen’s novel “Pride and Prejudice,” which uses third person omniscient perspective to tell the story. The narrator provides insight into the thoughts and feelings of multiple characters, allowing readers to gain a deeper understanding of the story’s conflicts and themes. Another example is J.K. Rowling’s “Harry Potter” series, which also uses third person narration to describe the magical world of Hogwarts and its inhabitants. In contrast, Ernest Hemingway’s “The Old Man and the Sea” uses a limited third person perspective, focusing on the thoughts and actions of the protagonist, Santiago, without delving into the minds of other characters. These examples illustrate the versatility of third person narration and its ability to enhance the reader’s understanding and enjoyment of a story.

Types of Third Person Point of View

There are three main types of third person point of view:

  1. Third Person Objective: In this type, the narrator remains detached and does not reveal the thoughts or feelings of any characters. Instead, the reader is left to interpret the story based on the actions and dialogue of the characters.

  2. Third Person Limited: Here, the narrator is limited to the thoughts and feelings of one character, usually the protagonist. This type of point of view allows readers to become more immersed in the story by understanding the protagonist’s motivations and emotions.

  3. Third Person Omniscient: This type of third person point of view provides insight into the thoughts and feelings of multiple characters, allowing the reader to gain a more complete understanding of the story’s conflicts and themes. The narrator is all-knowing and can provide a broader perspective on the events of the story.

Writers can choose the type of third person point of view that best suits their story and the effect they wish to achieve.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Third Person

Using third person point of view in writing has both advantages and disadvantages.


  • Provides an objective perspective that can enhance the reader’s understanding of the story.
  • Allows the writer to describe the actions and thoughts of multiple characters.
  • Creates a sense of distance that can make the story feel more universal and relatable to a wider audience.
  • Can enhance the sense of tension and suspense in a story by withholding information from the reader.


  • Can create a sense of detachment from the characters, making it harder for readers to empathize with them.
  • Can make it more difficult to convey the emotions and inner thoughts of characters.
  • Can be challenging to maintain a consistent point of view throughout the story.
  • May limit the writer’s ability to include personal anecdotes or experiences in the story.

Ultimately, the decision to use third person point of view depends on the writer’s goals and the needs of the story.

Tips for Writing in Third Person Perspective

If you’re planning to write in third person perspective, here are some tips to keep in mind:

  1. Choose the right type of third person point of view for your story.
  2. Establish a consistent point of view throughout the story.
  3. Use clear and descriptive language to create vivid descriptions of characters and settings.
  4. Show, don’t tell, by describing the actions and dialogue of characters rather than simply stating their thoughts or feelings.
  5. Avoid head-hopping, which is when the point of view suddenly switches from one character to another in the same scene.
  6. Use dialogue and actions to reveal the thoughts and emotions of characters, rather than simply stating them outright.
  7. Be aware of the limitations of third person perspective and be willing to switch to a different point of view if needed.

By following these tips, you can effectively use third person perspective to tell your story in a compelling and engaging way.

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